For the first quarter, the company can declare operational data in the following divisions:
Oil and Gas:
All production data is unaudited and derived from internal operations reports.
For the second year in succession, Rusneftegaz hosted its Annual General Meeting electronically via video teleconference on 9 April, following the publication of its 2020 consolidated financial statements earlier in the week. During the video conference, the Board of Directors discussed the financial results for the last financial year, which were later unanimously approved alongside the Annual Report. All proposed resolutions were passed, including the re-election of the Board of Directors and a motion to reappoint Deloitte as the Group's independent auditor. Moreover, it has also been resolved that there will not be any alterations to the composition of the Audit Committee, and in lieu of the current coronavirus pandemic, there will not be a dividend paid for the last financial year. Members also expressed their optimism that this would be the final Annual General Meeting held electronically and that the session in 2022 will be held at a venue, although there are no plans to make arrangements for an Extraordinary General Meeting this year should the opportunity arise. The consolidated financial statements for 2020 have been published and are available to view on this website.
Rusneftegaz has elected to publish its full consolidated financial statements for 2020. These results were prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards, otherwise known as IFRS, and have been audited by Deloitte. Foremost, the directors can report a broadly positive financial performance for the year. A synopsis of which is as follows:
Rusneftegaz can report largely positive financial results for the 2020 financial year, albeit figures that are significantly lower than forecasts and have been unquestionably afflicted by the ongoing coronavirus pandemic, which has not merely resulted in greater costs for the Group, but also depressed commodity values and demand. Whilst management had projected an uplift in all key performance indicators in 2020, the collapse in the oil price in April 2020 caused substantial detriment to the Rusneftegaz’s petroleum sector in the latter months of the year, as a direct consequence of the majority of the Group’s oil sales being made using futures contracts, meaning prices are fixed many months in advance. Similarly, there were notable contractions in electricity production arising from a lack of demand, although the corresponding declines in revenues and profits are marginal when compared to those in the oil and gas sector. However, Rusneftegaz nonetheless managed to report a pre-tax profit of $110.0m from total revenues of $491.0m, with both such figures down 50.7% and 12.9% respectively when compared to 2019. The Group recorded its greatest results in the first quarter, when a pre-tax profit of $62.5m was announced deriving from revenues of $152.8m, howbeit there was a marked decline in these figures throughout the year.
First quarter revenues and profits rose by 17.4% and 35.6% respectively compared to the same period in 2019, with the Group reporting record quarterly turnover By the second quarter, Rusneftegaz published a 17.2% drop in revenues to $126.5m and a 49.2% decline in pre-tax profits when compared to the prior period, and considerable 17.4% and 47.7% falls from the second quarter of 2019. At such point, the economic effects of the pandemic had become apparent and all of the Group’s offices both in Russia and the United States had been closed to non-essential staff for over three months. It was not until the third quarter when these workplaces began to reopen, for which Rusneftegaz declared a further fall in turnover and profit of 11.1% and 51.1% respectively to $112.4m and $11.3m, or a steeper decline of 19.9% and 74.3% from the same three months in 2019. Notwithstanding, the greatest deterioration occurred in the final quarter of the year, five months after the initial collapse in commodity prices, when the Group published revenues of $99.2m; the lowest such figure since the fourth quarter of 2015, 11.7% down on the prior period and 29.9% lower than twelve months before. At the same time, Rusneftegaz announced its lowest quarterly profit since the loss it made in the final three months of 2014, with a total 97.9% lower than the prior quarter and 99.4% on the year before, of $0.2m.
Such notable declines can mostly be attributed to underperformance in the oil division, reporting an annual loss of $40.0m from revenues of $145.1m, the worst results for the segment in Rusneftegaz’s history, with turnover down 28.1% year-on-year when the segment recorded a pre-tax profit of $39.9m from revenues of $210.8m. Such a reduction was largely offset by the $165.0m profit recorded by the energy generation sector, which earned a total turnover of $345.8m, mitigating all losses in other areas of the Group. Whilst both of these figures are lower than the figures reported for 2019, a decrease of 4.4% from a turnover of $361.9m and a reduction in profit of 14.9% to $193.9m, such results clearly evidences the financial resilience and strength of the Rusneftegaz Group’s electricity production program. Thus, in February 2021 when the Board of Directors announced that it intended to curtail investments in the coming years to preserve capital, it was resolved that cuts should weighted towards the oil sector, with the other areas of production having greater long-term economic prospects. Nevertheless, asset expenditures in 2020 largely went ahead as planned, with a total of $150.1m spent on new property plant and equipment. This was a symbolic reduction of 31.3% from the $218.4m spent the year before, and does not include $12.1m of works to be completed and $0.9m of schemes that are yet to be started but have been contracted. Overall outlays on assets for the period are generally harmonious with management’s expectations for the year in December 2019, but both the 92.4% decline in works to be completed from $158.4m and the 94.9% fall in the value of contracted projects not yet started from $17.0m is a direct consequence of the pandemic stifling Rusneftegaz’s intentions.
In spite of this, the Group succeeded in growing the value of its asset base with an 8.2% inflation from $1.63bn to $1.76bn, with $1.00bn attributable to the electricity generation sector, a further $726.5m to the oil and gas division and the final $34.3m allocated to administrative functions. These represent 56.9%, 41.2% and 1.9% of all assets respectively, changing from 58.4%, 39.5% and 2.1% in 2019. The most significant component of this base is $1.48bn of property, plant and equipment, the worth of which grew 5.9% from $1.40bn in 2019, although this was undermined by an increase in depreciation, which rose 16.6% from $46.1m to $53.7m, and depletion, the charge for which deflated by 9.2% from $17.5m to $15.9m. The latter is only ascribable to oil production, a sector which also incurred $20.3m of the $20.6m worth of impairment charges in 2020 as a result of the lower commodity prices casing asset devaluations throughout the industry. Consequently, there was a 775.3% escalation in incurred impairment year-on-year, with a unique rise of 775.2% in the oil sector, which in 2019 valued these costs at $2.3m of the total $2.4m reported. On the other hand, the inflation in the value of the Russian ruble corresponded with an increase in the worth of property, plant and equipment of $22.7m, the second consecutive annual rise as a consequence of currency conversion differences and 23.3% higher than the $18.4m increase in asset values recorded for the prior period. At a Group level, currency translation differences led to gain of $26.5m being reported in the consolidated statement of profit and loss and other comprehensive income, a rise of 24.0% from the $21.4m boost in 2019. Such numbers led to corresponding gains in Rusneftegaz’s currency translation reserve, which declined by 3.3% from $-801.1m to $-774.5m.
This particular reserve is the only component of the Group’s equity to be a negative integer, with the revaluation reserve being appraised at $40.1m, the same figure as last year. One of the more minor ramifications of the ongoing coronavirus pandemic is that management believed that there was no motivation to upwardly revise any of Rusneftegaz’s asset values, so instead disclosed impairment charges for those asset groups that had been overtly afflicted by its economic after-effects. The largest constituent is retained earnings, which rose 4.4% from $1.80bn to $1.88bn in line with the total profit announced, with the second-most being the share premium which stayed the same as the $500.0m recorded for the last three years. Overall, management did not elect to seek external investment in spite of the financial burdens of the pandemic, but instead opted to withdraw a $25.0m loan in December 2020 on a contingency basis to guarantee the payment of employee wages in 2021. Principally, borrowings amounted to one of the smaller elements of Rusneftegaz’s total liabilities, which aggregated $111.2m at the end of the 2020 accounting year, up 32.4% on the $84.0m owed the year before. The largest item remains provisions, the projected values of the future cost of decommissioning all oil and gas production sites upon expiry of their respective lease contracts, quantified at $26.9m. Such an estimate is marginally up by 1.6% on the 2019 projection of $26.4m solely due to fluctuations in currencies, whereas accounts payable declined by 1.1% from $26.2m to $25.9m.
The element with the lowest value, however, is taxes payable, which grew by 0.3% but remained at the $7.7m disclosed in 2019. Taxes continued to amount to one of the most significant costs charged to Rusneftegaz, the greatest being the mineral extraction tax on petroleum production billed at $47.7m, a decline of 19.7% from the $59.6m owed in 2019. Furthermore, the Group also paid $31.9m of export duties on international petroleum shipments, a rise of 4.4% year-on-year from $30.6m, although management perceives both of the aforementioned levies to be a regular part of the cost of doing business, and are forecasted prior to production and sale accordingly. More resources are placed into managing other modicums of taxation than the duties paid on exports and mineral extraction, for example Rusneftegaz paid $30.1m in corporate income taxes in 2020, a figure that decreased 32.1% from the $44.4m debited in 2019 as a consequence of the weaker financial performance over the last twelve months. The board of directors manipulates this amount in the Group’s favour by utilizing deferred tax liabilities, which is those tariffs that will be due in the future, mostly arising on the difference between the recorded book value of assets under IFRS and the worth of such properties reported to the taxation authorities. At the end of 2020, Rusneftegaz held deferred tax liabilities of $26.7m, a sum that increased 8.6% from the $23.7m previously recorded, although such obligations we minimally offset by a 9.3% rise in deferred tax assets, which made marginal gains but were ultimately still assessed at $0.2m. Beyond corporate income taxes, the only other levies paid by the Group that are not affiliated with petroleum production totalled $6.5m, a sum that deflated 7.0% from the $6.9m. These were reported as a component of cost of goods sold in the Rusneftegaz’s consolidated statement of profit and loss and other comprehensive income, and include a multitude of taxes that are otherwise too minor to be recorded in their own right.
The greatest proportion of the costs of goods sold, however, continues to be fuel expenses, which fell 11.9% from $95.5m to $84.1m as the sole positive effect of the fall in commodity prices during the year. This value consists entirely of bituminous coal purchased to power the Group’s power stations in Vologda Oblast, which additionally requires water supply expenses of $1.87m on a contingency basis , a figure that similarly decreased by 29.1% from $2.6m in 2019. Under usual circumstances, Rusneftegaz utilises its own private borehole to source water, but in instances where a surge in supply is required it uses supply from the main water network. Whilst the Group can attempt to reduce such consumption, an immitigable and consistent expense is the cost of transmission, all tenements of which fell during the period as a result of the significant abatement in demand. Thus, thermal power transmission costs charged deflated by 26.6% from $2.1m to $1.5m and electricity transmission expenses also were 0.8% lower at $0.1m. Whilst the energy generation division in sustained substantial expenses as a result of its operations, there were also considerable costs associated with petroleum extraction. Namely, Rusneftegaz saw a 5.0% rise in the transportation costs related to trucking oil domestically across northern Russia from $4.6m to $4.9m, in addition to paying various fines and penalties worth $0.3m, a 16.0% fall from 2019. On the other hand a significant percentage of all expenses incurred are more broadly categorized, such as rents, which includes the leases for various buildings and equipment used by the Group in the short term. This figure declined 3.7% year-on-year from $11.5m to $11.1m, similar to spending on the maintenance of Rusneftegaz’s property, plant and equipment, which also decreased from $8.6m to $8.3m, a 3.9% fall. This was, however, unlike the expenditure on external labour, which includes the deployment of their-party contractors, which increased 1.7% from $42.0m to $42.7m.
Overall, these changes in balances resulted in year-on-year alterations to the consolidated statement of profit and loss and other comprehensive income, with the value costs of goods sold decreasing 0.1% from $293.0m to $292.8m, and operating expenses rising 2.7% to $38.5m from $37.4m. The largest adjustment was, nonetheless, in general and administrative expenditures, the value of which rose monumentally by 161.9% from $9.4m to $24.7m, ultimately caused by a multitude of factors. Firstly, the coronavirus pandemic precipitated a rise in otherwise unclassified expenses, including purchases of personal protective equipment for those staff unable to work from home, by 295.3% from a low basis of $0.7m to a mammoth $2.9m. Similarly, the expansion of Rusneftegaz’s office in New York led to a surge in hires in the months prior to the beginning of the pandemic and therefore administrative wage and salary costs borne expanded 205.1% from $6.0m to $18.4m. This enlargement was also a contributory factor in a monumental rise in insurance costs by 347.5% from a figure which was previously $0.2m but ultimately rose to $1.1m. Other costs are attributable across all of Rusneftegaz’s office locations; there was an uplift in administrative repairs by 35.7% and a marginal 4.8% decrease in professional fees, including payments made to external accountants and legal personnel, from $2.4m to $2.3m. Of these expenses deducted from operating profit in the consolidated statement of profit and loss and other comprehensive income, and equally material component is the monetary foreign exchange loss which was appraised at $25.8m, a 1 581.8% change from the more acute $1.5m deficit registered in 2019.
Despite the poor trading environment, the Group’s cash balances multiplied by 31.8% from $169.5m to $223.5m, largely as a result of cash flows derived from operations worth $178.6m, albeit this was a 23.2% reduction from $232.5m earned in 2019. This is a consequence of a considerable number of non-cash expenses incurred, including the previously discussed depreciation, depletion and impairment totals, impacting negatively Rusneftegaz’s financial statements for the year. Whilst the majority of cash was earned from production profits, further income was acquired due to the segregation of cash balances, with $8.9m currently being held in long-term deposits that yielded $0.7m in net finance income for the year. This was an 11.2% rise from the year prior, with all monies earned percolating to the Group’s bank accounts, culminating in long-term deposits rising from a previous total of $8.1m. The smallest component of Rusneftegaz’s income was a nominal amount of proceeds from derivative contracts, consisting of currency forward contracts and commodity price swaps, both of which are used for hedging purposes. Ultimately, the volatility in these values throughout the period rendered management’s forecasts ineffectual and consequentially the income from these arrangements was down 96.3% from the $0.2m earned the year before, yielding a exiguous 0.7% rise in the worth of the reported derivative financial instruments in the consolidated statement of financial position, which remained at $1.3m. Nevertheless, the Group’s monetary position would be even greater if it were not for an overly strong receivables ledger worth $27.9m, a value which declined by 12.4% from $31.9m, calculated as $22.1m of the aforementioned assets and an additional $5.9m in prepayments, or compared to $22.9m and $5.8m respectively last year.
Moreover, both cash and receivables constitute vital elements of Rusneftegaz’s current assets, the value of which inflated 21.9% throughout the year from $232.3m to $283.3m, comprising 16.1% of all assets. This includes $6.1m of assets that are held for sale, a figure that was last altered in 2018, and $25.8m in inventories, a value that rose 4.0% from a previous tally of $24.9m. This sum consists of $11.4m worth of extracted, unrefined crude oil, a value that raised 16.0% from $11.1m the prior year, and $12.2m of fuels, a total which similarly increased marginally by 0.6% from $12.1m. More minor elements consisted of a 43.3% rise in the value of $1.0m of spare parts from $0.7m, and $1.3m of all other petrochemical products, which reported inflation from $1.0m in 2019, or 28.8% in total. The remaining 83.1% consisted of non-current assets aggregated at $1.48bn, an amount that rose 5.9% from $1.40bn a year earlier, and includes resources such as intangibles priced nominally at $0.1m, a value that ultimately increased 2.6% as a result of currency changes. In 2019, non-current assets accounted for 85.8% of the entirety of the Group’s asset base, with this minor reduction solely attributable to the considerable rise in Rusneftegaz’s reserves of liquid cash.
Ultimately these gains originated from profits earned with $372.5m, or 75.9% overall, of all sales deriving from contracts in Russia. Domestic sales however, fell significantly by 11.2% year-on-year, although international revenues from the United States of America rose considerably, almost tripling by 199.1% from $5.0m to $14.9m. This is accountable to the opening of an international office in the region in 2019, with the results last year reporting only three months of sales. There was also a decline in trading within the European Union, which was valued at $139.4m last year, but declined 25.7% to $103.6m, conclusively accounting for 21.1% of all revenues, compared to 3.0% for sales in the Americas. Both values pale into insignificance when the fact the Group’s two largest customers are responsible for 70.4% and 19.5% of turnover, or $345.8m and $95.6m respectively, although both figures are down on 2019 when these were recorded at $361.9m, or 64.2% of all revenues, and $139.4m, or 24.7%. The reduction in the appraisal of key contracts is affiliated with the general downturn in reported results for the year; this is despite an uplift in oil production by 7.6% year-on-year from 5.6m barrels to 6.1m barrels.
Petroleum production peaked for Rusneftegaz in the second quarter with 1.42m barrels extracted, a value that was 16.2% higher than the same period in 2019. On the contrary, extraction rates were at their lowest in the final three months of the year at 1.38m barrels, a fall of 4.8% year-on-year, with the Group also reporting production of 1.58m barrels and 1.46m barrels in the first and third quarters respectively. Whilst these values were up 17.4% and 2.6% when compared to their corresponding period in 2019, annual electricity output was markedly reduced by 18.3%, a fall from 10.5 TWh to 8.6 TWh. Whilst management undertook proactive efforts to boost petroleum production in order to lift turnover, energy production was severely impacted by a lack of demand, with the 3.2 TWh peak in generation occurring in the fourth quarter, but still significantly down by 18.0% year-on-year when 3.8 TWh was produced. Performance in the first three periods was meagre, with Rusneftegaz only generating 1.8 TWh in the first three months of the year, a figure that reduced 15.0% compared to the same time in 2019. The second and third quarters saw similarly sizable reductions of 31.7% and 5.8%, or respective production rates of 1.7 TWh and 1.9 TWh. To represent the magnitude of the declines, in the first three quarters of 2019 the Group produced 2.1 TWh, 2.5 TWh and 2.1 TWh of useful energy, although the efficiency measures and investments made by Rusneftegaz ensured that the sector remained highly profitable.
Whilst there was considerable prosperity arising from the Group’s electricity generation program, there were still rises in monetary expenses in each of Rusneftegaz’s divisions, with the aforementioned sector accountable for $128.0m of all the financial costs borne throughout the year. This represents a 4.1% incline on the year before when this total amounted to $123.0m, and 43.9% of all said charges arising in 2020. Similarly, 51.1% of the remaining overhead are affiliated with the oil segment, whose outlays rose 4.6% from $142.4m to $149.0m, with the remaining 1.0% linked to administration. This, however, represented a notable 45.7% increase from $10.0m to $14.5m as a consequence of the aforementioned expansion of the Group’s offerings internationally. Accelerations in expenses also corresponded to rises in liabilities, with non-current obligations inflating 54.8% from $50.1m to $77.6m as a result of Rusneftegaz’s new borrowings, albeit current liabilities abated 0.8% form $33.9m to $33.6m. The total reported value of such obligations were ultimately measured at $111.2m, a 32.4% inflation from $84.0m, with 69.8% perceived as non-current and the residual 30.2% considered current, percentages that changed from 59.7% and 40.3% respectively from 2019. Of this total, 55.6% of obligations, or $61.8m, was accountable to oil production, a value that increased 15.6% from $53.5m with the electricity generation corresponding to 41.9% of liabilities. This illustrates a worth of $46.6m, a value that inflated 58.0% from the prior period when the sum was $29.5m, with the final 2.4% of liabilities unaccountable to any sector, albeit this number did rise 37.2% from $2.0m to $2.7m.
Overall, whilst trading was significantly influenced by factors outside the Group’s control over the last twelve months, Rusneftegaz managed to register an enviable economic performance, revenue per share for the year totalled $491 p/s and basic earnings per share were valued at totalled $80 p/s. Whilst both such figures are lower than in 2019, strong cash flows have enabled the Group to be able to continue to invest accordingly, with spending on generating assets rising 52.6% from $47.2m to $72.0m and expenditures in the oil and gas sector amounting $78.1m. However, the outlook for 2021 continues to be poor, with restrictions continuing in key markets through the first three months of the year. Management forecasts that electricity demand shall not recover until late 2022 at the earliest and the price of oil futures will continue to be volatile. Despite Rusneftegaz continuing to maintain strong cash balances, the board of directors has opted to curtail the Group’s investment program for this year and will make decision in regards to future periods accordingly. Whilst management believes it is in a fortunate position to withstand a long-term pandemic, the board of directors continues to be concerned with prolonged political tensions within the oil industry that could destabilize operations both in the near and distant future. However, there is a universal and adamantly held belief that Rusneftegaz shall emerge from this global crisis in a resolute manner, and will continue to be steadfast, determined and capable of meeting all challenges ahead.
Rusneftegaz can publish results for the fourth quarter of the year as of and for the three and twelve months ended 31 December. These statements were prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards, otherwise known as IFRS, and have not been audited. The full results are disclosed in the financial section of the Group's website.
The quarterly profit for the fourth quarter was considerably impacted by a revaluation of oil and gas assets in congruence with lower commodity prices caused by the continuing coronavirus pandemic. Thus, Rusneftegaz can announce a pre-tax profit of $0.3m for the period, the lowest such figure reported since late 2014, and a reduction of 99.4% from the same quarter in 2019 when a $56.2m profit was reported, and 97.9% down on the $15.5m earned three months prior to the fourth quarter. There was similarly a considerable 29.0% fall in revenue year-on-year from $139.7m to $99.2m, or by 11.7% when compared to the $112.4m when compared to the third quarter. Such results are partially attributable to declines in oil production by 5.0% quarter-on-quarter from 1.46m barrels to 1.38m barrels and 4.8% when compared to the same quarter the year before when 1.45m barrels were extracted. Quite contrarily, electricity generation throughout the period rose 62.4% from 1.94 TWh to 3.15 TWh, but this was still 18.0% lower than the last quarter of 2019. Both such financial and production results are significantly below forecasts for both the period and the year, and Rusneftegaz is to undertake various measures to ensure to financial integrity of the Group as a result. Firstly, in November 2020 all office-based personnel were offered a reduction in their working hours to ensure the retention of staff in the future, and management has satisfied with uptake of this proposal. Consequently, this should yield a reduction in one of the Group’s largest costs in 2021, and in accordance with a $25.0m loan facility withdrawn in December should result in no job losses in the near term. Such borrowings were underwritten by management solely on a contingency basis and should not be considered a reflection of Rusneftegaz’s financial performance in the fourth quarter, as these loaned funds are to be isolated in their own, independent bank account and are only to be used if there are insufficient funds to otherwise make wage and payroll payments. Similarly, the Board of Directors also announced in the fourth quarter its intention to notably reduce investment under a revised spending plan, both in 2021 and beyond, in a measure to reduce capital expenditure and retain cash for the foreseeable future. However, in spite of this management considered the fact that the Group would have reported a major loss in the fourth quarter if it were not for the investments made in efficient infrastructure since 2015, and will endeavor to maintain a compromise between high-quality infrastructure and fiscal conservation. Overall, the outlook for Rusneftegaz’s financial results in coming periods is neutral, with the profit published for the fourth quarter being unique due to the unprecedented scale of the impairment charge recorded. The Group remains in a strong position with substantial cash reserves at the end of the 2020 and having previously overhauled much of Rusneftegaz’s production and generation infrastructure. However, a nominal annual profit is projected for 2021 if there is no reduction in commodity prices or demand, with management factoring in a potential sizable decline in electricity demand. In 2019, the electricity generation sector produced 3.8 TWh of energy in the fourth quarter compared to 3.2TWh in 2020, with further fall forecasted in the coming year.
The financial details in this article are current at the date of this report, and believed by Rusneftegaz to be accurate and true. All information is disclosed as a summary and does not purport to be complete. The data that this commentary is dependent on is obtained from sources believed to be reliable, but the Group, nor any of the directors, officers, employees, agents, subsidiaries or affiliates, can wholly guarantee the accuracy or completeness of such information.
In November 2020, the management board resolved to examine the possibility of revising the agreed 2020-2024 Investment Strategy for potential savings, to mitigate the economic costs of the ongoing coronavirus pandemic. Last week, the Board of Directors concluded after extensive deliberation that this stratagem should be significantly revised as a result. Ultimately, the Group’s previous cash flow forecasts for 2020 are notably different to the monetary reality, and to preserve the long-term financial integrity of the Rusneftegaz Group, it is integral to replenish cash balances. As such, it has been decided that the termination clauses of various contracts that Rusneftegaz and its subsidiaries are party to shall now be activated, and all non-urgent redevelopment proposals that are at pre-development or preliminary stages will go no further. However, the Board of Directors still intends to open a second international office by the end of 2021. Management intends to communicate the results of this revised investment strategy with the corresponding parties over the coming weeks, and will not announce publicly which projects are expected to be terminated at this time. We necessitate your cooperation and understanding in regards to these decisions, any questions affiliated with these changes should be directed via email or telephone.